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Nat Cell Biol. 1999 Oct;1(6):346-53.

Formation of AP-3 transport intermediates requires Vps41 function.

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Division of Cellular and Molecular Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0668, USA.


Transport of a subset of membrane proteins to the yeast vacuole requires the function of the AP-3 adaptor protein complex. To define the molecular requirements of vesicular transport in this pathway, we used a biochemical approach to analyse the formation and content of the AP-3 transport intermediate. A vam3tsf (vacuolar t-SNARE) mutant blocks vesicle docking and fusion with the vacuole and causes the accumulation of 50-130-nanometre membrane vesicles, which we isolated and showed by biochemical analysis and immunocytochemistry to contain both AP-3 adaptors and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) pathway cargoes. Inactivation of AP-3 or the protein Vps41 blocks formation of this vesicular intermediate. Vps41 binds to the AP-3 delta-adaptin subunit, suggesting that they function together in the formation of ALP pathway transport intermediates at the late Golgi.

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