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Nat Cell Biol. 1999 Oct;1(6):330-4.

The lectin ERGIC-53 is a cargo transport receptor for glycoproteins.

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Department of Pharmacology/Neurobiology, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.


Soluble secretory proteins are transported from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) in vesicles coated with COP-II coat proteins. The sorting of secretory cargo into these vesicles is thought to involve transmembrane cargo-receptor proteins. Here we show that a cathepsin-Z-related glycoprotein binds to the recycling, mannose-specific membrane lectin ERGIC-53. Binding occurs in the ER, is carbohydrate- and calcium-ion-dependent and is affected by untrimmed glucose residues. Binding does not, however, require oligomerization of ERGIC-53, although oligomerization is required for exit of ERGIC-53 from the ER. Dissociation of ERGIC-53 occurs in the ERGIC and is delayed if ERGIC-53 is mislocalized to the ER. These results strongly indicate that ERGIC-53 may function as a receptor facilitating ER-to-ERGIC transport of soluble glycoprotein cargo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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