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Mech Dev. 1999 Dec;89(1-2):185-8.

The nuclear receptor fetoprotein transcription factor is coexpressed with its target gene HNF-3beta in the developing murine liver, intestine and pancreas.

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Department of Molecular Genetics (MIC 669), University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, 900 S. Ashland Ave, Rm 2220 MBRB, Chicago 60607-7170, USA.


During organogenesis, the winged helix hepatocyte nuclear factor 3beta (HNF-3beta) protein participates in regulating gene transcription in the developing esophagus, trachea, liver, lung, pancreas, and intestine. Hepatoma cell transfection studies identified a critical HNF-3beta promoter factor, named UF2-H3beta, and here, we demonstrate that UF2-H3beta is identical to the fetoprotein transcription factor (FTF). In situ hybridization studies of mouse embryos demonstrate that FTF expression initiates in the foregut endoderm during liver and pancreatic morphogenesis (day 9) and that earlier expression of FTF is observed in the yolk sac endoderm, branchial arch and neural crest cells (day 8). Abundant FTF hybridization signals are observed throughout morphogenesis of the liver, pancreas, and intestine and its expression continues in the epithelial cells of these adult organs. In day 17 mouse embryos and adult pancreas, however, expression of FTF becomes restricted to the exocrine acinar and ductal epithelial cells.

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