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Mech Dev. 1999 Dec;89(1-2):161-5.

Characterization of a subfamily of related winged helix genes, XFD-12/12'/12" (XFLIP), during Xenopus embryogenesis.

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Abteilung Biochemie, Universität Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, D-89081, Ulm, Germany.


The fork head domain family of genes defines a growing group of proteins that serve important regulatory functions in pattern-forming events of both invertebrates and vertebrates. Here we add three closely related, novel members to this family in Xenopus laevis, termed XFD-12, XFD-12' and XFD-12". All three genes reveal indistinguishable expression patterns during Xenopus embryogenesis. During gastrulation, XFD-12 type transcripts are detected exclusively in the superficial layer of cells within the Spemann organizer territory. In the open neural plate, XFD-12 type expression defines a row of cells located along the dorsal midline and destined to become the floor plate of the neural tube. After closure of the neural tube, XFD-12 type encoding mRNAs are only detected in the tailtip and a small area located at the midbrain/hindbrain boundary. Within the Spemann organizer and in the floor plate area, expression of XFD-12 type genes is only partially overlapping with XFD-1 expression.

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