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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13336-41.

Increased thrombin responsiveness in platelets from mice lacking glycoprotein V.

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  • 1COR Therapeutics, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.


A role for glycoprotein (GP)V in platelet function has been proposed on the basis of observations that GP V is the major thrombin substrate on intact platelets cleaved during thrombin-induced platelet aggregation, and that GP V promotes GP Ib-IX surface expression in heterologous cells. We tested the hypotheses that GP V is involved in thrombin-induced platelet activation, in GP Ib-IX expression, and in other platelet responses by generating GP V null mice. Contrary to expectations, GP V -/- platelets were normal in size and expressed normal amounts of GP Ib-IX that was functional in von Willebrand factor binding, explaining why defects in GP V have not been observed in Bernard-Soulier syndrome, a bleeding disorder caused by a lack of functional GP Ib-IX-V. Moreover, in vitro analysis demonstrated that GP V -/- platelets were hyperresponsive to thrombin, resulting in increased fibrinogen binding and an increased aggregation response. Consistent with these findings, GP V -/- mice had a shorter bleeding time. These data support a role for GP V as a negative modulator of platelet activation. Furthermore, they suggest a new mechanism by which thrombin enhances platelet responsiveness independent of activation of the classical G-protein-coupled thrombin receptors.

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