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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13175-9.

Monitoring the assembly of Ig light-chain amyloid fibrils by atomic force microscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.

Abstract

Aggregation of Ig light chains to form amyloid fibrils is a characteristic feature of light-chain amyloidosis, a light-chain deposition disease. A recombinant variable domain of the light chain SMA was used to form amyloid fibrils in vitro. Fibril formation was monitored by atomic force microscopy imaging. Single filaments 2.4 nm in diameter were predominant at early times; protofibrils 4.0 nm in diameter were predominant at intermediate times; type I and type II fibrils 8.0 nm and 6.0 nm in diameter, respectively, were predominant at the endpoints. The increase in number of fibrils correlated with increased binding of the fluorescent dye thioflavin T. The fibrils and protofibrils showed a braided structure, suggesting that their formation involves the winding of protofibrils and filaments, respectively. These observations support a model in which two filaments combine to form a protofibril, two protofibrils intertwine to form a type I fibril, and three filaments form a type II fibril.

PMID:
10557293
PMCID:
PMC23920
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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