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Plant Physiol. 1999 Nov;121(3):921-928.

Peroxisomal NADP-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase. Characterization and Activity Regulation during Natural Senescence.

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Departamento de Bioquímica, Biología Celular y Molecular de Plantas, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Apartado 419, E-18080 Granada, Spain.


The peroxisomal localization and characterization of NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (perICDH) in young and senescent pea (Pisum sativum) leaves was studied by subcellular fractionation, kinetic analysis, immunoblotting, and immunoelectron microscopy. The subunit molecular mass for perICDH determined by immunoblotting was 46 kD. By isoelectric focusing (IEF) of the peroxisomal matrix fraction, the NADP-ICDH activity was resolved into four isoforms, perICDH-1 to perICDH-4, with isoelectric points (pIs) of 6.0, 5.6, 5.4, and 5.2, respectively. The kinetic properties of the NADP-ICDH in peroxisomes from young and senescent pea leaves were analyzed. The maximum initial velocity was the same in peroxisomes from young and senescent leaves, while the Michaelis constant value in senescent leaf peroxisomes was 11-fold lower than in young leaf peroxisomes. The protein levels of NADP-ICDH in peroxisomes were not altered during senescence. The kinetic behavior of this enzyme suggests a possible fine control of enzymatic activity by modulation of its Michaelis constant during the natural senescence of pea leaves. After embedding, electron microscopy immunogold labeling of NADP-ICDH confirmed that this enzyme was localized in the peroxisomal matrix. Peroxisomal NADP-ICDH represents an alternative dehydrogenase in these cell organelles and may be the main system for the reduction of NADP to NADPH for its re-utilization in the peroxisomal metabolism.

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