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J Mol Recognit. 1999 Sep-Oct;12(5):316-21.

Biosensor analysis of the interleukin-2 receptor complex.

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1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03755, USA.

Abstract

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor technology has been a significant addition to the evolution and refinement of methods to study macromolecular interactions. Prior to the advent of SPR, we employed a variety of biochemical and biological techniques to study the interleukin-2/interleukin-2 receptor system (IL-2/IL-2R). By combining site-directed mutagenesis, equilibrium and kinetic radioligand binding, and competitive biological assays, we and others had begun to understand many aspects of the structure-activity relationships of the IL-2/IL-2R system. Due to the complexity of the IL-2R, cell-based assays proved limited in their ability to provide quantitative information on the binding characteristics of subclasses of the IL-2 receptor. SPR technology promised to be a new and powerful approach to the quantitative analysis of complex receptor systems. To demonstrate the feasibility of this technology, we employed Biacore analysis to investigate the ligand binding characteristics of novel, pre-assembled, IL-2R coiled-coil complexes. The results of these studies, although limited by instrumentation and data analysis, clearly established the utility of this method. Subsequently, by incorporating advancements in both of these areas, we have been able to carry out detailed kinetic analyses of the binding properties of individual IL-2R subunits as well as heteromeric complexes on the surface of a biosensor. Therefore, SPR biosensor analysis combined with other established analytical methods has proven to be a powerful tool for the analysis of complex hematopoietic receptor systems. Published in 1999 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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