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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Nov 10;1413(3):117-29.

State transitions, cyclic and linear electron transport and photophosphorylation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

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Centro CNR Biologia Cellulare e Molecolare delle Piante, Dipartimento di Biologia, Via Celoria 26, Milan, Italy.


The relationship between state transitions and the kinetic properties of the electron transfer chain has been studied in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The same turnover rate of cytochrome f was found in state 1 and 2. However, while DBMIB was inhibitory in both states, DCMU was effective only in state 1. These observations suggest that linear electron transport was active only in state 1, while a cyclic pathway around photosystem (PS) I operated in state 2. The reversible shift from linear to cyclic electron transport was modulated by changes of PSII antenna size, which inactivated the linear pathway, and by oxygen, which inhibited the cyclic one. Attainment of state 2, under anaerobiosis in the dark, was associated with the decline of the ATP/ADP ratio in the cells and the dark reduction of the intersystem carriers. Upon illumination of the cells, the ATP/ADP ratio increased in a few seconds to the aerobic level. Then, several minutes later, the F(m) returned to the state 1 level, and O(2) evolution was reactivated. This suggests that ATP, though required for photosynthesis, is not the rate-limiting factor in the reactivation of photosynthetic O(2) evolution, which is rather controlled by the redox state of the electron carriers.

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