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Blood. 1999 Nov 1;94(9):3062-6.

Coinheritance of the HR2 haplotype in the factor V gene confers an increased risk of venous thromboembolism to carriers of factor V R506Q (factor V Leiden).

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Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center and Department of Internal Medicine, IRCCS Maggiore Hospital and University of Milano, Milan, Italy.


With the aim of establishing whether the HR2 haplotype in factor V affects the risk of venous thromboembolism, a retrospective multicenter cohort study was performed in 810 family members identified through 174 probands who suffered from at least 1 episode of deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism and had an inherited defect associated with thrombophilia (antithrombin, protein C, or protein S deficiency; factor V R506Q or prothrombin G20210A). Fifty-eight percent (468/810) of the family members had an inherited defect and 10% (47/468) were symptomatic. The HR2 haplotype was found in association with factor V R506Q more frequently in family members with venous thromboembolism (18%) than in those without (8%). Double heterozygosity for factor V R506Q and HR2 conferred a 3- to 4-fold increase in the relative risk of venous thromboembolism compared with factor V R506Q alone. The median age at first event was lower when the 2 defects were associated (46 v 52 years). No increase in risk of venous thromboembolism could be demonstrated when the HR2 haplotype was associated with inherited thrombophilic defects other than factor V R506Q. Because both factor V R506Q and the HR2 haplotype are very frequent, the effect of their coinheritance on the risk of venous thromboembolism might represent a clinically relevant issue, and screening for HR2 in carriers of factor V R506Q should be considered.

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