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J Agric Food Chem. 1998 Feb 16;46(2):749-754.

Atrazine, Deethylatrazine, and Deisopropylatrazine Persistence Measured in Groundwater in Situ under Low-Oxygen Conditions.

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University of Nebraska Water Sciences Laboratory, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583-0844.


The degradation of atrazine [2-chloro-4-(ethylamino)-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine], deethylatrazine [DEA; 2-amino-4-chloro-6-(isopropylamino)-1,3,5-triazine], and deisopropylatrazine [DIA; 2-amino-4-chloro-6-(ethylamino)-1,3,5-triazine] was assessed under limited oxygen conditions using in situ microcosms. Denitrification was induced in a shallow sand and gravel aquifer to measure the potential for degradation of atrazine, DEA, and DIA under low-O(2) conditions. The dissolved oxygen content decreased from 7-8 mg/L to </=1 mg/L within 4 days and remained less, similar3 mg/L for the remainder of the 45-day experiment. Atrazine, DEA, and DIA concentrations (normalized to the bromide concentration at each sampling time to account for dilution) did not show a significant decrease with time, indicating that these compounds are relatively stable under the low-O(2) conditions induced in the aquifer. Although removal of one alkyl group has been proposed as the rate-limiting step in atrazine degradation, no transformation of either monodealkylated metabolite (DEA or DIA) was observed in this study.


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