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Microbiol Immunol. 1999;43(9):905-7.

Facilitated expansion of pneumococcal colonization from the nose to the lower respiratory tract in mice preinfected with influenza virus.

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New Product Research Laboratories I, Daiichi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.


A strain of Streptococcus pneumoniae, when inoculated intranasally in 2 microl of suspension into BALB/c mice preinfected with influenza virus, colonized first in the nose, and several days thereafter also colonized significantly in the trachea and lungs with purulent inflammation. Pneumoccocal colonization was also observed in the noses of normal mice after the same bacterial inoculation, but not apparently in the lower respiratory tract. These results suggest that pneumococcal infection may develop from the upper to the lower respiratory tract as a possible sequence preferentially in influenza virus-infected subjects.

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