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Syst Appl Microbiol. 1999 Sep;22(3):378-86.

Phylogeny and diversity of Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from the root nodules of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) in Sichuan, China.

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Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, Finland.


Twenty-two rhizobial strains isolated from the root nodules of two Chinese peanut cultivars (Arachis hypogaea L. Tianfu no. 3 and a local cultivar) growing at four different sites in the Sichuan province, Southwest China, were characterized by growth rate, rep-PCR, PCR-RFLP of 16S rDNA, partial sequencing of ribosomal genes, and fatty acid-methyl ester analysis (FAME), and compared with strains representing Bradyrhizobium japanicum, B. elkanii and other unclassified Bradyrhizobium sp. All peanut isolates from Sichuan were bradyrhizobia. Dendrograms constructed using the rep-PCR fingerprints grouped the strains mainly according to their geographic and cultivar origin. Based on PCR-RFLP and partial sequence analysis of 16S rDNA it appears that peanut bradyrhizobial strains from Sichuan are similar to peanut strains from Africa and Israel, and closely related to B. japonicum. In contrast, analysis of FAME data using two-dimensional principal component analysis indicated that Bradyrhizobium sp. (Arachis) were similar to, but slightly different from other bradyrhizobia. The presence and level of fatty acid 16:1 w5c was the distinguishing feature. The results of PCR-RFLP of the 16S rRNA gene, the partial sequence analysis of 16S rDNA, and FAME were in good agreement.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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