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J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Nov;47(11):4500-5.

Antioxidative phenolic compounds from Japanese barnyard millet (Echinochloa utilis) grains.

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Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Akahira, Shimokuriyagawa, Morioka, Iwate 020-0198, Japan.


Three antioxidative phenolic compounds, one serotonin derivative and two flavonoids, were isolated from an ethanol extract of Japanese barnyard millet (cv. Kurohie) grains by Sephadex LH-20 chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were established to be N-(p-coumaroyl)serotonin, luteolin, and tricin on the basis of spectrometric data from (1)H and (13)C and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry, and Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry. N-(p-Coumaroyl)serotonin exhibited a strong antioxidant activity almost equivalent to that of butylated hydroxyanisole at the same concentration (w/v). Although the antioxidant activity of luteolin was lower than that of N-(p-coumaroyl)serotonin, it was nearly equal to that of quercetin, whereas the activity of tricin was lower than that of luteolin. All of them were newly isolated from Japanese barnyard millet grains.

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