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J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Oct;47(10):4275-9.

Determination of dexamethasone in bovine liver by chemiluminescence high-performance liquid chromatography.

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Laboratorio de Salud Pública de Lugo, Consellería de Sanidade e Benestar Social, Xunta de Galicia, Lugo, Spain.


A new method for the determination of dexamethasone (9alpha-fluoro-11beta,17alpha,21-trihydroxy-16alpha -methylpregna-1, 4-diene-3,20-dione) in bovine liver was developed. This new liquid-liquid extraction method comprises the addition of sodium hydroxide to the tissue sample followed by extraction with ethyl acetate. After centrifugation, the extract is evaporated to dryness and the residue dissolved in acetonitrile. The cleaning of the fat is performed with n-hexane, and the acetonitrile layer is evaporated. Analysis of the extracts is performed using high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection employing luminol as CL reagent. A series of recovery curves performed at spiking levels of 50, 30, 10, 5, and 2.5 ppb show that at least 80% of DEX can be recovered from liver and that the chemiluminescence detection yields satisfactory results with respect to sensitivity (LOD 0.2 ppb), reproducibility (CV% 10.7) and repeatability (CV% 6.2-8.9).

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