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J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Mar;47(3):1254-61.

Corn protein-based thermoplastic resins: effect of some polar and amphiphilic plasticizers.

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Unité de Technologie des Céréales et des Agro-polymères, ENSA. M/INRA, 2 Place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France.


Homogeneous blends of corn gluten meal (CGM) and "polar" plasticizers (water, glycerol) or "amphiphilic" plasticizers [octanoic and palmitic acids, dibutyl tartrate and phthalate, and diacetyl tartaric acid ester of mono-diglycerides (DATEM)] were obtained by a hot-mixing procedure. The glass transition temperature (T(g)) of the blends was measured by modulated differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, as a function of plasticizer type and content (0-30%, dwb). The plasticizing efficiency (i.e., decrease of T(g)) at equal molar content was found to be proportional to the molecular weight and inversely proportional to the percent of hydrophilic groups of the plasticizer. The migration rate of the plasticizers in the polymer was related to their physicochemical characteristics. It was assumed that polar substances interacted with readily accessible polar amino acids, whereas amphiphilic ones interacted with nonpolar zones, which are buried and accessible with difficulty. The temperature at which a thermoplastic resin of plasticized CGM could be formed was closely connected to the T(g) of the blend.

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