Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 1999 Nov 12;274(46):33057-63.

Vascular endothelial growth factor governs endothelial nitric-oxide synthase expression via a KDR/Flk-1 receptor and a protein kinase C signaling pathway.

Author information

Department of Pharmacokinetics, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.


The mechanism by which vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) regulates endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) expression is presently unclear. Here we report that VEGF treatment of bovine adrenal cortex endothelial cells resulted in a 5-fold increase in both eNOS protein and activity. Endothelial NOS expression was maximal following 2 days of constant VEGF exposure (500 pM) and declined to base-line levels by day 5. The elevated eNOS protein level was sustained over the time course if VEGF was co-incubated with L-N(G)-nitroarginine methyl ester, a competitive eNOS inhibitor. Addition of S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, a nitric oxide donor, prevented VEGF-induced eNOS up-regulation. These data suggest that nitric oxide participates in a negative feedback mechanism regulating eNOS expression. Various approaches were used to investigate the role of the two high affinity VEGF receptors in eNOS up-regulation. A KDR receptor-selective mutant increased eNOS expression, whereas an Flt-1 receptor-selective mutant did not. Furthermore, VEGF treatment increased eNOS expression in a KDR but not in an Flt-1 receptor-transfected porcine aorta endothelial cell line. SU1498, a selective inhibitor of the KDR receptor tyrosine kinase, blocked eNOS up-regulation, thus providing further evidence that the KDR receptor signals for eNOS up-regulation. Finally, treatment of adrenal cortex endothelial cells with VEGF or phorbol ester resulted in protein kinase C activation and elevated eNOS expression, whereas inhibition of protein kinase C with isoform-specific inhibitors abolished VEGF-induced eNOS up-regulation. Taken together, these data demonstrate that VEGF increases eNOS expression via activation of the KDR receptor tyrosine kinase and a downstream protein kinase C signaling pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center