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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1999 Oct;14(5):304-8.

Isolation and chemical analysis of a lipopolysaccharide from the outer membrane of the oral anaerobic spirochete Treponema pectinovorum.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 78284-7758, USA.


Isolation of a putative lipopolysaccharide from the surface of the oral treponeme, Treponema pectinovorum, revealed it to contain larger amounts of 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid compared with other oral Treponema species. This molecule was isolated from the outer membrane of T. pectinovorum and had chemical characteristics of a putative lipopolysaccharide. The yield of lipopolysaccharide was between 0.6% and to 1.1% of the bacterial dry weight. The purified molecule was resistant to the action of proteinases and consisted of both sugars and lipids. 3-Deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid and hexoses accounted for 6.1-8.7% and 17.6-20.2%, respectively of the dry weight. Carbohydrate compositional analysis revealed the presence of glucose, galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-glucose, rhamnose and 6-deoxy-talose in the molar ratio of 1.00:0.96:0.19:0.88:0.98, respectively. No heptose was detected. The fatty acid analysis determined the presence of straight chain, C13:00, C14:00, C15:00 and C17:00 acids, as well as branched chain, C13:00, C14:00 and two species of C15:00, acids. Electrophoretic analysis indicated that the lipopolysaccharide was present as two major species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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