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Biotechnol Bioeng. 1999 Dec 20;65(6):673-6.

Fermentation of starch by Klebsiella oxytoca p2, containing plasmids with alpha-amylase and pullulanase genes.

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Departamento de Microbiologia and Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa MG, 36571-000, Brazil.


Klebsiella oxytoca P2(pC46), an ethanol-producing recombinant, has been evaluated in fermentation of maltose and starch. The maximum ethanol produced by P2(pC46) was 0.34 g ethanol/g maltose and 0.38, 0.40, or 0.36 g ethanol/g starch in fermentation of 1, 2, or 4% starch, representing 68, 71, and 64% the theoretical yield. The pC46 plasmid transformed to cells of K. oxytoca P2 reduced the ethanol production from maltose and starch. In fermentation of starch after its digestion at 60 degrees C for 24 h, in two-step fermentation, the time for maximum ethanol production was reduced to 12-24 h and the theoretical yield was around 90%. The increase in starch concentration resulted in lower alpha-amylase activity but in higher pullulanase activity. The high activity and thermostability of the amylolytic enzymes from this transformant suggest that it has a potential for amylolytic enzymes source.

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