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Mol Cell. 1999 Oct;4(4):649-55.

Activation domain-mediated targeting of the SWI/SNF complex to promoters stimulates transcription from nucleosome arrays.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA.


The yeast SWI/SNF complex is required for the transcription of several yeast genes and has been shown to alter nucleosome structure in an ATP-dependent reaction. In this study, we show that the complex stimulated in vitro transcription from nucleosome templates in an activation domain-dependent manner. Transcription stimulation by SWI/SNF required an activation domain with which it directly interacts. The acidic activation domains of VP16, Gcn4, Swi5, and Hap4 interacted directly with the purified SWI/SNF complex and with the SWI/SNF complex in whole-cell extracts. The similarity of activation domain interactions and transcriptional stimulation between SWI/SNF and the SAGA histone acetyltransferase complex may account for their apparent overlapping functions in vivo.

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