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Gene. 1999 Nov 1;239(2):237-42.

The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.

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School of Chemical and Life Sciences, University of Greenwich, London, UK.


The complete sequence of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) mitochondrial genome has been determined. The entire sequence is 16665 base pairs (bp) in length, with a gene content (13 protein-coding, two ribosomal RNA [rRNA] and 22 transfer RNA [tRNA] genes) and order conforming to that observed in most other vertebrates. Base composition and codon usage have been detailed. Nucleotide and derived amino acid sequences of the 13 protein-coding genes from Atlantic salmon have been compared with their counterparts in rainbow trout. A putative structure for the origin of L-strand replication (O(L)) is proposed, and sequence features of the control region (D-loop) are described.

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