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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Nov;265(1):101-5.

Steroid hormone-inducible expression of the GLT-1 subtype of high-affinity l-glutamate transporter in human embryonic kidney cells.

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Neuroscience Drug Discovery, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, CN-8000, Princeton, New Jersey, 08543-8000, USA.


The cDNA encoding the predominant rat brain high-affinity l-glutamate transporter GLT-1 was isolated and subcloned into the pIND expression vector for the establishment of steroid hormone inducible expression in vitro using the ecdysone-inducible mammalian expression system. Steroid hormone-inducible expression was demonstrable in a stable cell line designated HEK/GLT-1. Treatment of HEK/GLT-1 cells with 10 microM ponasterone A for 24 hincreased the maximum velocity (V(max)) of Na(+)-dependent l-glutamate uptake by greater than 10-fold, as compared with the uninduced cells. Equivalent levels of l-glutamate transport capacity were observed in the uninduced GLT-1 cell line and the host cell line indicating that the expression of GLT-1 was tightly regulated. To confirm that the increased l-glutamate uptake observed in HEK/GLT-1 cells following induction was attributable to the expression of GLT-1, rather than the up-regulation of the endogenously expressed EAAT3 subtype present in the host cells, we evaluated the effects of the selective GLT-1 inhibitors dihydrokainate (DHK) and kainate. Both DHK and kainate produced concentration-dependent inhibition of the l-glutamate uptake into HEK/GLT-1 cells, and the estimated IC(50) values were consistent with those described for the cloned GLT-1. These results demonstrate that the expression of GLT-1 can be tightly regulated in vitro using the ecdysone system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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