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Nature. 1999 Oct 21;401(6755):800-4.

P/Q-type calcium channels mediate the activity-dependent feedback of syntaxin-1A.

Author information

1
Biotechnology Laboratory, Dept Psychiatry University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

Spatial and temporal changes in intracellular calcium concentrations are critical for controlling gene expression in neurons. In many neurons, activity-dependent calcium influx through L-type channels stimulates transcription that depends on the transcription factor CREB by activating a calmodulin-dependent pathway. Here we show that selective influx of calcium through P/Q-type channels is responsible for activating expression of syntaxin-1A, a presynaptic protein that mediates vesicle docking, fusion and neurotransmitter release. The initial P/Q-type calcium signal is amplified by release of calcium from intracellular stores and acts through phosphorylation that is dependent on the calmodulin-dependent kinase CaM K II/IV, protein kinase A and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase. Initiation of syntaxin-1A expression is rapid and short-lived, with syntaxin-1A ultimately interacting with the P/Q-type calcium channel to decrease channel availability. Our results define an activity-dependent feedback pathway that may regulate synaptic efficacy and function in the nervous system.

PMID:
10548106
DOI:
10.1038/44586
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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