Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Med. 1999 Nov;5(11):1249-55.

Natural adjuvants: endogenous activators of dendritic cells.

Author information

1
Ghost Lab, T cell Tolerance and Memory Section, Laboratory for Cellular and Molecular Immunology, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. sgallucci@niaid.nih.gov

Abstract

Dendritic cells, the most potent antigen-presenting cells, need to be activated before they can function to initiate an immune response. We report here that, in the absence of any foreign substances, dendritic cells can be activated by endogenous signals received from cells that are stressed, virally infected or killed necrotically, but not by healthy cells or those dying apoptotically. Injected in vivo with an antigen, the endogenous activating substances can function as natural adjuvants to stimulate a primary immune response, and they may represent the natural initiators of transplant rejection, spontaneous tumor rejection, and some forms of autoimmunity.

PMID:
10545990
DOI:
10.1038/15200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center