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J Biochem. 1999 Nov;126(5):804-14.

Immunohistochemical analysis of proteoglycan biosynthesis during early development of the chicken cornea.

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1
Section of Radiochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, 150 Yagotoyama, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya, 468-8503, Japan.

Abstract

Antibodies to core proteins of chicken corneal keratan sulfate proteoglycan and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan were prepared and purified by use of an affinity column. Using these antibodies and monoclonal antibody 5-D-4 to keratan sulfate (commercial), the localization of proteoglycans in developing corneas (Days 5 to 17 of embryonic age and 2 days after hatching) was determined immunohistochemically. Keratan sulfate proteoglycan antigen was not detected in cornea on Day 5, but it was detected uniformly over the whole stroma on Day 6, ca. 12 h after invasion of the primary stroma by mesenchymal cells. The absence of the antigen in cornea of Day 5 was confirmed by Western blotting of the corneal extract. Immunohistochemistry with 5-D-4 antibody revealed that the keratan sulfate chain was undersulfated in corneas of Days 6 to 7, because the staining was much weaker than that in cornea of Day 8. In addition, keratan sulfate proteoglycan antigen was detected uniformly over the whole stroma on Days 7 to 17 and 2 days after hatching, but not in the epithelial layer on Day 13 and after: because the epithelial layer was clearly not observed on photomicrographs until Day 13, it is not known whether keratan sulfate proteoglycan was synthesized by the epithelium during Days 6 to 12. In contrast, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan antigen was detected in cornea on Day 5 and also, like keratan sulfate proteoglycan, uniformly over the whole stroma on Day 6 through 2 days after hatching. Furthermore, the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan was not detected in the epithelial layer on Day 13 and after. These results show that keratan sulfate proteoglycan is synthesized by the stromal cells which invade the primary stroma between Day 5.5 and 6, while chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan is synthesized by epithelial and/or endothelial cells before the invasion, and also by the stromal cells after the invasion.

PMID:
10544271
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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