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FEBS Lett. 1999 Oct 29;460(2):297-302.

1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone analogs antagonize differentiation of human leukemia cells (HL-60 cells) but not of human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells (NB4 cells).

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Safety Research Department, Teijin Institute for Bio-Medical Research, 4-3-2 Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo, Japan.


We examined the effects of two novel 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)-26,23-lactone) analogs on 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced differentiation of human leukemia HL-60 cells thought to be mediated by the genomic action of 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) and of acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells thought to be mediated by non-genomic actions of 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). We found that the 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)-26,23-lactone analogs, (23S)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (TEI-9647) and (23R)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (TEI-9648), inhibited differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). However, 1beta-hydroxyl diastereomers of these analogs, i.e. (23S)-25-dehydro-1beta-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26, 23-lactone (1beta-TEI-9647) and (23R)-25-dehydro-1beta-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (1beta-TEI-9648), did not inhibit differentiation of HL-60 cells caused by 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). A separate study showed that the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) binding affinities of the 1-hydroxyl diastereomers were about 200 and 90 times weaker than that of 1alpha-hydroxyl diastereomers, respectively. Moreover, none of these lactone analogs inhibited NB4 cell differentiation induced by 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). In contrast, 1beta,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1beta,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) and 1beta,24R-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1beta,24R-(OH)(2)D(3)) inhibited NB4 cell differentiation but not HL-60 cell differentiation. Collectively, the results suggested that 1-hydroxyl lactone analogs, i.e. TEI-9647 and TEI-9648, are antagonists of 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3), specifically for the nuclear VDR-mediated genomic actions, but not for non-genomic actions.

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