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FASEB J. 1999 Nov;13(14):2061-70.

HSP27 inhibits cytochrome c-dependent activation of procaspase-9.

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  • 1INSERM U517, Groupe Biologie et Thérapie des Cancers (JE 515), Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, 21033 Dijon, France. cgarrido@u-bourgogne.fr

Abstract

We have previously shown that the small heat shock protein HSP27 inhibited apoptotic pathways triggered by a variety of stimuli in mammalian cells. The present study demonstrates that HSP27 overexpression decreases U937 human leukemic cell sensitivity to etoposide-induced cytotoxicity by preventing apoptosis. As observed for Bcl-2, HSP27 overexpression delays poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase cleavage and procaspase-3 activation. In contrast with Bcl-2, HSP27 overexpression does not prevent etoposide-induced cytochrome c release from the mitochondria. In a cell-free system, addition of cytochrome c and dATP to cytosolic extracts from untreated cells induces the proteolytic activation of procaspase-3 in both control and bcl-2-transfected U937 cells but fails to activate procaspase-3 in HSP27-overexpressing cells. Immunodepletion of HSP27 from cytosolic extracts increases cytochrome c/dATP-mediated activation of procaspase-3. Overexpression of HSP27 also prevents procaspase-9 activation. In the cell-free system, immunodepletion of HSP27 increases LEDH-AFC peptide cleavage activity triggered by cytochrome c/dATP treatment. We conclude that HSP27 inhibits etoposide-induced apoptosis by preventing cytochrome c and dATP-triggered activity of caspase-9, downstream of cytochrome c release.

PMID:
10544189
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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