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Virology. 1999 Oct 25;263(2):436-49.

Gene expression from the ORF50/K8 region of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus.

Author information

1
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Abstract

The ORF50 gene of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-associated herpesvirus, or human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV), activates viral replication and is weakly homologous to the herpesvirus family of R transactivators; therefore, the transcription and translation events from this region of KSHV are key events in viral reactivation. We demonstrate that ORF50 is expressed in a bicistronic message after induction of the viral lytic cycle. ORF50 migrated as a series of polypeptides: the major ones as 119 and 101 kDa, respectively. Using 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends, RT-PCR, and cDNA library screening, we demonstrate that the major ORF50 transcript also encodes K8. The ORF50/K8 transcript was resistant to cyclohexamide, whereas the K8 transcript was only partially resistant to cyclohexamide at early timepoints. Both transcripts showed partial resistance after 12 h of phorbol ester induction. Using a GAL4-ORF50 fusion protein expression vector, we demonstrate that the transactivation domain of ORF50 resides within a 160-amino-acid region of the carboxyl portion of the ORF. Upstream regions of both ORF50 and K8 have basal promoter activity in KSHV-infected cells. K8, which had sequence homology to Bzip proteins, did not activate either promoter. However, both promoters were activated after cotransfection of ORF50 in BCBL-1 cells.

PMID:
10544116
DOI:
10.1006/viro.1999.9963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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