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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Nov 2;264(3):865-70.

Transcriptional regulation of the cyclooxygenase-2 gene by diverse ligands in murine osteoblasts.

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Molecular Biology Institute, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, 90095, USA.


Osteoblasts produce prostaglandins in response to a wide variety of stimuli. Induced prostaglandin synthesis is generally the consequence of elevated cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. Agents as diverse as serum, bFGF, PDGF, PGE(2), or [TNFalpha + IL1beta] rapidly induce expression of COX-2 protein in murine MC3T3-E1 osteogenic cells. Transient transfection studies using reporter constructs containing either wild-type COX-2 regulatory sequences or mutated cis-acting sequences linked to a luciferase reporter gene identify a CRE site and two NF-IL6 (C/EBP) sites which play important roles in the regulation of COX-2 expression in response to all these agents in osteoblasts. Induction of wild-type COX-2 reporter gene expression in MC3T3-E1 cells by all these agents involves signaling through the MEKK/JNK pathway and activation of both c-Jun and the C/EBP family of transcription factors.

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