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J Comp Neurol. 1999 Dec 6;415(1):105-20.

Region-specific mRNA expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory isoforms in the central nervous system of C57BL/6J mice.

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Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.


Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) by receptor tyrosine kinases for growth factors is crucial for neuronal cell survival and proliferation. This class of kinases is comprised of heterodimers, each consisting of one regulatory and one catalytic subunit. Multiple isoforms of regulatory subunits exist, including p85alpha and its alternative splice products p50alpha and AS53/p55alpha, and p85beta and p55(PIK), which are derived from different genes. The regional distribution of these PI 3-kinase regulatory isoforms was mapped in the adult murine brain by in situ hybridization histochemistry. All isoforms were demonstrated in abundance in choroid plexus and anterior pituitary. In neuronal compartments, however, PI 3-kinase isoforms were distributed in a regionally specific manner. In general, the mRNAs for p85alpha, p50alpha, AS53, and p85beta were widespread, with the highest level in the olfactory system, in neuronal groups of the forebrain and hypothalamus, in the hippocampus, cortex, inferior and superior colliculus, pituitary, and cerebellum. However, each isoform had specific variations. Lower expression levels of these isoforms were found in the thalamus, diencephalon, mesencephalon, and brainstem. In contrast, abundant mRNA expression of p55(PIK) was limited to cerebellum and anterior pituitary, with moderate levels of p55(PIK) in the olfactory bulb and hippocampus and low levels elsewhere. The distribution pattern of PI 3-kinase isoforms in the brain indicates pluripotent signaling properties for PI 3-kinase isoforms p85alpha, p50alpha, AS53/p55alpha, and p85beta for a variety of receptor tyrosine kinases, whereas the restricted expression of p55(PIK) implies a regionally specific role for this isoform in neuronal signaling. The unique integrated expression profiles of PI 3-kinase isoforms in distinct neuronal compartments denote complex intracellular signaling pathways for each neuronal region to ensure specificity of receptor tyrosine kinase signal transduction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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