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Endocrinology. 1999 Nov;140(11):5293-302.

The magnitude of decrease in hepatic very low density lipoprotein apolipoprotein B secretion is determined by the extent of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibition in miniature pigs.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, The John P. Robarts Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Abstract

It has been postulated that the rate of hepatic very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) apolipoprotein (apo) B secretion is dependent upon the activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase. To test this hypothesis in vivo, apoB kinetic studies were carried out in miniature pigs before and after 21 days treatment with high-dose (10 mg/kg/day), atorvastatin (A) or simvastatin (S) (n = 5). Pigs were fed a diet containing fat (34% of calories) and cholesterol (400 mg/day; 0.1%). Statin treatment decreased plasma total cholesterol [31 (A) vs. 20% (S)] and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations [42 (A) vs. 24% (S)]. Significant reductions in plasma total triglyceride (46%) and VLDL triglyceride (50%) concentrations were only observed with (A). Autologous [131I]VLDL, [125I]LDL, and [3H]leucine were injected simultaneously, and apoB kinetic parameters were determined by triple-isotope multicompartmental analysis using SAAM II. Statin treatment decreased the VLDL apoB pool size [49 (A) vs. 24% (S)] and the hepatic VLDL apoB secretion rate [50 (A) vs. 33% (S)], with no change in the fractional catabolic rate (FCR). LDL apoB pool size decreased [39 (A) vs. 26% (S)], due to reductions in both the total LDL apoB production rate [30 (A) vs. 21% (S)] and LDL direct synthesis [32 (A) vs. 23% (S)]. A significant increase in the LDL apoB FCR (15%) was only seen with (A). Neither plasma VLDL nor LDL lipoprotein compositions were significantly altered. Hepatic HMG-CoA reductase was inhibited to a greater extent with (A), when compared with (S), as evidenced by 1) a greater induction in hepatic mRNA abundances for HMG-CoA reductase (105%) and the LDL receptor (40%) (both P < 0.05); and 2) a greater decrease in hepatic free (9%) and esterified cholesterol (25%) (both P < 0.05). We conclude that both (A) and (S) decrease hepatic VLDL apoB secretion, in vivo, but that the magnitude is determined by the extent of HMG-CoA reductase inhibition.

PMID:
10537160
DOI:
10.1210/endo.140.11.7150
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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