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Nucleic Acids Res. 1999 Nov 15;27(22):4324-7.

Temporally-controlled site-specific mutagenesis in the basal layer of the epidermis: comparison of the recombinase activity of the tamoxifen-inducible Cre-ER(T) and Cre-ER(T2) recombinases.

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1
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, Collège de France, BP 163, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, C. U. de Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

Conditional DNA excision between two LoxP sites can be achieved in the mouse using Cre-ER(T), a fusion protein between a mutated ligand binding domain of the human estrogen receptor (ER) and the Cre recombinase, the activity of which can be induced by 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen (OHT), but not natural ER ligands. We have recently characterized a new ligand-dependent recombinase, Cre-ER(T2), which was approximately 4-fold more efficiently induced by OHT than Cre-ER(T) in cultured cells. In order to compare the in vivo efficiency of these two ligand-inducible recombinases to generate temporally-controlled somatic mutations, we have engineered transgenic mice expressing a LoxP-flanked (floxed) transgene reporter and either Cre-ER(T) or Cre-ER(T2) under the control of the bovine keratin 5 promoter that is specifically active in the epidermis basal cell layer. No background recombinase activity could be detected, while recombination was induced in basal keratinocytes upon OHT administration. Interestingly, a dose-response study showed that Cre-ER(T2) was approximately 10-fold more sensitive to OHT induction than Cre-ER(T).

PMID:
10536138
PMCID:
PMC148712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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