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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Oct 26;96(22):12442-7.

SnoN and Ski protooncoproteins are rapidly degraded in response to transforming growth factor beta signaling.

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Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Nine Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.


Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) regulates a variety of physiologic processes, including growth inhibition, differentiation, and induction of apoptosis. Some TGF-beta-initiated signals are conveyed through Smad3; TGF-beta binding to its receptors induces phosphorylation of Smad3, which then migrates to the nucleus where it functions as a transcription factor. We describe here the association of Smad3 with the nuclear protooncogene protein SnoN. Overexpression of SnoN represses transcriptional activation by Smad3. Activation of TGF-beta signaling leads to rapid degradation of SnoN and, to a lesser extent, of the related Ski protein, and this degradation is likely mediated by cellular proteasomes. These results demonstrate the existence of a cascade of the TGF-beta signaling pathway, which, upon TGF-beta stimulation, leads to the destruction of protooncoproteins that antagonize the activation of the TGF-beta signaling.

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