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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;77(4):276-85.

Two novel types of calcium release from skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Sendai, Japan.


In both the heavy and light fractions of fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles from the fast skeletal muscle, about 27 min after beginning the active Ca2+ uptake, the extravesicular Ca2+ concentration suddenly increased to reach a steady level (delayed Ca2+ release). Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) not only shortened the time to delayed Ca2+ release but also induced prompt Ca2+ release from the heavy fraction of SR. Delayed Ca2+ release and prompt Ca2+ release stimulated by 100 microM PIP2 were not modified by ruthenium red. PIP2 (>0.1 microM) markedly accelerated the rate of 45Ca2+ efflux from SR vesicles in a concentration-dependent manner. The PIP(2)-induced 45Ca2+ efflux was potentiated by ruthenium red but profoundly inhibited by La3+. The concentration-response curve for Ca2+ or Mg2+ in PIP2-induced 45Ca2+ release was clearly different from that in the Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release. PIP2 caused a concentration-dependent increase in Ca2+ release from SR of chemically skinned fibers from skeletal muscle. Furthermore, [3H]ryanodine or [3H]methyl-7-bromoeudistomin D (MBED) binding to SR was increased by PIP2 in a concentration-dependent manner. These observations present the first evidence that PIP2 most likely activates two types of SR Ca2+ release channels whose properties are entirely different from those of Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release channels (the ryanodine receptor 1).

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