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J Cardiovasc Risk. 1999 Oct;6(5):337-46.

A review of metabolic and cardiovascular effects of oral antidiabetic agents: beyond glucose-level lowering.

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Irving Center for Clinical Research, Columbia University, New York, USA.


It has become evident that cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This raises the possibility that glucose lowering agents with other nonglucose-lowering effects, might have added benefits. In this review, we focus on the metabolic and cardiovascular effects of oral antidiabetic agents that go beyond glucose-level lowering. Such effects include lipid modifying actions, antithrombotic and profibrinolytic activities, and direct action at the level of the vessel wall to improve endothelial function or prevent smooth muscle hyperplasia. These additional activities, particularly those seen with the newer oral antidiabetic agents, hold the promise of reducing cardiovascular complications beyond that achievable by glucose lowering alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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