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Physiol Res. 1999;48(2):157-65.

Assessment of EEG frequency dynamics using complex demodulation.

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Institute of Physiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia.


The complex demodulation (CD) approach was applied to human EEG recorded during a cognitive task performance, including voluntary goal-directed movements. The standard CD algorithm was extended by a simple procedure using frequency histograms and power spectra to select the characteristic frequencies of EEG segments around the task performance. In the majority of records, amplitude modulation was found, which decreased or disappeared in the period prior to and at the very beginning of the task performance. It was found that the decrease of modulation in fast beta and gamma components begins approximately one second before that of the alpha components. Frequency modulation appeared in some records at the end of the task in beta and gamma components. The results showed that a cognitive task performance is accompanied by non-linear processes in the frequency components of EEG. These dynamic changes could extend the findings of event-related desynchronization obtained by linear methods.

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