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Atherosclerosis. 1999 Oct;146(2):259-70.

Hypolipidemic effect of NK-104, a potent HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, in guinea pigs.

Author information

1
Tokyo Research Laboratories, Pharmaceutical Division, Kowa Company, Ltd., Higashimurayama, Japan.

Abstract

The hypolipidemic effect of NK-104 and its mechanisms of action (effects on hepatic sterol synthesis, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-receptor expression and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion) were studied in guinea pigs using simvastatin as a reference substance. There was a dose-dependent and significant reduction of both plasma total cholesterol (17.4, 24.5 and 45.3% at 0.3, 1 and 3 mg/kg, respectively) and triglycerides (21.1 and 32.2% at 1 and 3 mg/kg, respectively) after 14-day administration of NK-104. Simvastatin at 30 mg/kg lowered plasma total cholesterol (25.0%) but not triglyceride levels. NK-104 (3 mg/kg) and simvastatin (30 mg/kg) inhibited hepatic sterol synthesis by approximately 80%, 3 h after dosing, and enhanced LDL receptor binding-capacity of liver membranes 1.5-fold after 14-day dosing. The former group accelerated LDL clearance somewhat more markedly than the latter, and increased fractional catabolic rate 1.8-fold (vs. 1.4-fold). Furthermore, only the NK-104 (3 mg/kg) suppressed VLDL secretion into the liver perfusate (triglyceride. 19.9%; apoB, 24.2%) with extensive reduction of hepatic sterol synthesis caused by prolonged action. These results indicate that NK-104 and simvastatin at 10 times the dosage of the former, similarly enhances hepatic LDL receptor; however, only NK-104 with prolonged action suppresses VLDL secretion to show higher cholesterol-lowering potency and triglyceride-reducing effect.

PMID:
10532682
DOI:
10.1016/s0021-9150(99)00146-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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