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Curr Biol. 1999 Oct 21;9(20):1183-6.

The guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor Cdc24p is targeted to the nucleus and polarized growth sites.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Markey Center for Molecular Genetics, The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, 05405, USA.

Abstract

Generation of cellular asymmetry or cell polarity plays a critical role in cell-cycle-regulated morphogenetic processes involving the actin cytoskeleton. The GTPase Cdc42 regulates actin rearrangements and signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic cells [1], and the temporal and spatial regulation of Cdc42p depends on the activity and targeting of its guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF). Cdc24p, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GEF for Cdc42p, is found in a particulate fraction and localizes to the plasma membrane [2] [3] at sites of polarized growth [4]. We show that Cdc24p labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP-Cdc24p) was targeted to pre-bud sites, the tips and sides of enlarging buds, and mating projections in pheromone-treated cells. Unexpectedly, GFP-Cdc24p also localized to the nucleus and GFP-Cdc24p levels diminished before nuclear division followed by its reappearance in divided nuclei and mother-bud necks during cytokinesis. The Cdc24p amino-terminal 283 amino acids were necessary and sufficient for nuclear localization, which depended on the cyclin-dependent-kinase inhibitor Far1p. The Cdc24p carboxy-terminal 289 amino acids were necessary and sufficient for targeting to the pre-bud site, bud, mother-bud neck, and mating projection. Targeting was independent of the Cdc24p-binding proteins Far1p, the GTPase Rsr1p/Bud1p, the scaffold protein Bem1p, and the G(beta) subunit Ste4p. These data are consistent with a temporal and spatial regulation of Cdc24p-dependent activation of Cdc42p during the cell cycle.

PMID:
10531032
DOI:
10.1016/S0960-9822(00)80022-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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