Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Biol. 1999 Oct 21;9(20):1183-6.

The guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor Cdc24p is targeted to the nucleus and polarized growth sites.

Author information

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Markey Center for Molecular Genetics, The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, 05405, USA.


Generation of cellular asymmetry or cell polarity plays a critical role in cell-cycle-regulated morphogenetic processes involving the actin cytoskeleton. The GTPase Cdc42 regulates actin rearrangements and signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic cells [1], and the temporal and spatial regulation of Cdc42p depends on the activity and targeting of its guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF). Cdc24p, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GEF for Cdc42p, is found in a particulate fraction and localizes to the plasma membrane [2] [3] at sites of polarized growth [4]. We show that Cdc24p labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP-Cdc24p) was targeted to pre-bud sites, the tips and sides of enlarging buds, and mating projections in pheromone-treated cells. Unexpectedly, GFP-Cdc24p also localized to the nucleus and GFP-Cdc24p levels diminished before nuclear division followed by its reappearance in divided nuclei and mother-bud necks during cytokinesis. The Cdc24p amino-terminal 283 amino acids were necessary and sufficient for nuclear localization, which depended on the cyclin-dependent-kinase inhibitor Far1p. The Cdc24p carboxy-terminal 289 amino acids were necessary and sufficient for targeting to the pre-bud site, bud, mother-bud neck, and mating projection. Targeting was independent of the Cdc24p-binding proteins Far1p, the GTPase Rsr1p/Bud1p, the scaffold protein Bem1p, and the G(beta) subunit Ste4p. These data are consistent with a temporal and spatial regulation of Cdc24p-dependent activation of Cdc42p during the cell cycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center