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Oper Dent. 1999 May-Jun;24(3):137-46.

Marginal adaptation of heat-pressed glass-ceramic veneers to dentin in vitro.

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University of Regensburg Dental School, Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontics, Germany.


The purpose of the present study was to examine the marginal adaptation of ceramic veneers to dentin at the cervical margins and to enamel at the palatoincisal margins using four dual-curing composite resin cements of different viscosity with their corresponding dentin bonding systems. Thirty-six caries-free human maxillary incisors were prepared for facial ceramic veneers with cervical cavity margins located in dentin. Heat-pressed glass-ceramic veneers (IPS Empress) were inserted adhesively using one of the following luting systems: Sono-Cem (SC) with EBS; Variolink Ultra (VU), Variolink High Viscosity (VHV), and Variolink Low Viscosity (VLV) with Syntac. Both the cervical and the palatoincisal margins of the veneers (tooth/composite resin cement interface and ceramic/composite resin cement interface) were evaluated before and after thermocycling and mechanical loading (TCML) by quantitative margin analysis under a scanning electron microscope (SEM) using an image analysis system. Microleakage was assessed by dye penetration after TCML. Before TCML, SC and VU showed statistically significantly fewer marginal gaps than VHV and VLV. After TCML, SC, VU, and VHV revealed significantly fewer marginal gaps than VLV. TCML had a statistically significant influence on marginal gap formation at both the dentin and enamel margins. After TCML, the percentage of marginal gaps was not significantly different at the cervical dentin than at the palatoincisal enamel margins. Cervical dye penetration after TCML showed no statistically significant differences in microleakage among the four luting systems. In conclusion, this in vitro study showed that similarly favorable marginal adaptations of ceramic veneers to dentin and enamel can be achieved using Sono-Cem, Variolink Ultra, or Variolink High Viscosity with their corresponding dentin bonding systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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