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Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1999 Oct-Dec;29(4):281-5.

Transmission electron microscopy: evaluation of damage in human oviducts caused by different surgical instruments.

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Hartford Hospital, CT, USA.


Different wave length lasers (CO2, Nd-YAG, KTP-532), electrocautery and radiofrequency instruments were used to assess the degree of tissue damage in human oviducts. Excision of the human fallopian tube for tuboplasty is achieved most often by electrocautery, scalpel and, more recently, the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Laser. There is not enough evidence at the present time to scientifically justify using one particular mode of incision which would show minimal damage to surrounding healthy tissue, especially heat lateral damage. The present study compares the tissue damage produced by the microelectrocautery, the CO2, the KTP-532, the Nd-YAG lasers and the radiofrequency surgical instrument, utilizing different power densities on the fallopian tubes freshly removed at the isthmic portion, taken from healthy women ages 30-42. Transmission electron microscopy sections at the cellular level show that the electrosurgical radiofrequency surgical instrument produces the least damage to surrounding healthy tissue. The CO2 laser with intermittent superpulse mode showed the second lowest amount of damage. The most damage was observed with the Nd-YAG laser at high power densities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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