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Can J Microbiol. 1999 Aug;45(8):658-69.

The porin OmpC of Salmonella typhimurium mediates adherence to macrophages.

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Department of Microbiology, University of New Hampshire, Durham 03824-2617, USA.


Macrophages recognize, adhere to, and phagocytose Salmonella typhimurium. The major outer membrane protein OmpC is a candidate ligand for macrophage recognition. To confirm this we used transposon mutagenesis to develop an ompC-deficient mutant in a known virulent strain of S. typhimurium; mutant and wild type were compared in macrophage adherence and association assays. Radiolabeled wild type S. typhimurium bound to macrophages at five-fold higher levels than did the ompC mutant. In association assays, macrophages in monolayers bound and internalized three-fold more wild type than mutant, while macrophages in suspension bound and internalized 40-fold more wild type than mutant. The ompC gene of our test strain of S. typhimurium contains several discrete differences compared with the ompC genes of Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli. The deduced OmpC amino acid sequence of S. typhimurium shares 77 and 98% identity with OmpC amino acid sequence of E. coli and S. typhi, respectively. Evidence from this study supports a role for the OmpC protein in initial recognition by macrophages and distinguishes regions of this protein that potentially participate in host-cell recognition of bacteria by phagocytic cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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