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Hum Reprod. 1999 Oct;14(10):2619-24.

Obstetric outcome of pregnancies after the transfer of cryopreserved and fresh embryos obtained by conventional in-vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

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1
Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Centre for Medical Genetics, University Hospital and Medical School, Dutch-speaking Brussels Free University, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

This study reports the obstetric outcome of pregnancies obtained after the transfer of cryopreserved or fresh embryos where the initial procedure was standard in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Pregnancies obtained after frozen IVF (n = 245) or frozen ICSI (n = 177) were compared with a control group of pregnancies after fresh embryo transfer in standard IVF (n = 245) and ICSI (n = 177) cycles were selected as controls. The controls were matched according to maternal age, parity and date of embryo transfer. In the standard IVF group, the biochemical pregnancy rates in the cryopreserved and fresh groups were 18.8 and 9.8% respectively (P < 0.01). In the ICSI group, the biochemical pregnancy rates in the cryopreserved and fresh groups were 16.4 and 6.8% respectively (P < 0.01). The miscarriage rates were comparable between the cryopreserved and fresh groups. However, in the frozen ICSI group the miscarriage rate (26.0%) was significantly higher than in the frozen conventional IVF group (13.1%) (P = 0.001). The frequencies of preterm deliveries, infants with very low birthweight and intrauterine deaths were similar in the groups. The low birthweight rates in the frozen IVF (16.1%) and ICSI (12.1%) groups were significantly lower than those in the fresh IVF (32.2%) and ICSI (32.7%) groups (P < 0.001). The major malformation rates in the frozen IVF (2.4%) and ICSI (2.9%) groups were not different from the major malformation rates in the fresh IVF (4.5%) and ICSI (2.4%) groups. In conclusion, the cryopreservation process had no negative impact on the outcome of pregnancies over 20 weeks of gestation. Long-term follow-up studies are needed in order to prove the safety of the freezing-thawing process.

PMID:
10527997
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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