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Biochem J. 1999 Nov 1;343 Pt 3:579-86.

Osmotic cell swelling-induced ATP release mediates the activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (Erk)-1/2 but not the activation of osmo-sensitive anion channels.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, Cardiovascular Research Institute COEUR, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Erasmus University, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Human intestine 407 cells respond to hypo-osmotic stress by the rapid release of ATP into the extracellular medium. A difference in the time course of activation as well as in the sensitivity to cytochalasin B treatment and BAPTA-AM [1,2-bis-(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetra-acetic acid acetoxymethyl ester] loading suggests that ATP leaves the cell through a pathway distinct from volume-regulated anion channels. To evaluate a putative role for nucleotides as autocrinic/paracrinic factors in osmotic signalling, the effects of extracellular ATP on the regulation of volume-sensitive anion channels as well as on the hypotonicity-induced activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (Erk-1/2) were investigated. Micromolar concentrations of ATP were unable to elicit an isotope efflux from (125)I(-)-loaded cells by itself, but strongly potentiated the hypotonicity-provoked anion efflux through a Ca(2+)-dependent mechanism. The order of potency of nucleotides (ATP = UTP = ATP[S] > ADP = AMP >> adenosine = cAMP) indicated the involvement of P2Y(2) receptors. In contrast, millimolar concentrations of ATP markedly inhibited both the osmotically induced isotope efflux and whole-cell Cl(-) currents. Inhibition of whole-cell Cl(-) currents, not only by millimolar ATP but also by the purinoceptor antagonists suramin and reactive blue, was observed most prominently at depolarizing holding potentials, suggesting a direct interaction with volume-sensitive Cl(-) channels rather than interaction with purinoceptors. Both ATP and UTP, at submicromolar levels, were found to act as potent activators of Erk-1/2 in intestine 407 cells. Addition of the ATP hydrolase apyrase to the bath greatly reduced the hypotonicity-induced Erk-1/2 activation, but did not affect the swelling-induced isotope efflux or whole-cell Cl(-) currents. Furthermore, pre-treatment with suramin or reactive blue almost completely prevented the hypo-osmotic activation of Erk-1/2. The results indicate that extracellularly released ATP functions as an autocrinic/paracrinic factor that mediates hypotonicity-induced Erk-1/2 activation but does not serve as an activator of volume-sensitive compensatory Cl(-) currents.

PMID:
10527936
PMCID:
PMC1220589
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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