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Pharmacol Res. 1999 Nov;40(5):415-21.

Inhibitory effects of cannabinoid receptor ligands on electrically-evoked responses in rat isolated tracheal ring segments.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat, 13110, Kuwait.


We have examined the possible existence of cannabinoid receptors in the isolated rat tracheal ring segments by studying the effects of some cannabinoid receptor ligands on electrically-induced contractions. Anandamide (10(-8)-3 x 10(-5)m), an endogenous ligand for cannabinoid receptors, and WIN 55,212-2 (10(-9)-3 x 10(-5)m), a moderately selective CB(2)agonist, inhibited electrically evoked contractions of the rat tracheal ring segments in a concentration-related manner. Addition of phentolamine (10(-6)m) to Krebs Henseleit solution to block alpha(2)-adrenoceptors did not affect anandamide-induced inhibition of the electrically evoked contractions. The EC(25)(-log m) values were 5.25+/-0.2 and 5.8+/-0. 4 for anandamide and WIN 55,212-2, respectively. The maximal inhibition produced by the highest concentration of the agonists used was 51.4+/-5.8% for anandamide and 35.1+/-19.5% for WIN 55, 212-2. WIN 55,212-3 also produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of the electrically evoked contractions. The maximal inhibition produced by WIN 55,212-3 was 15.8+/-2.4. The inhibitory effects of anandamide and WIN 55,212-2 were not attenuated by SR141716A (10(-6)m), a selective CB(1)receptor antagonist. Anandamide (10(-8)-3 x 10(-5)m) did not relax rat tracheal ring segments pre-contracted with carbachol (10(-6)m). These results suggest that anandamide and WIN 55,212-2 produce pre-junctional inhibitory effects in the rat trachea and that these effects were likely mediated through cannabinoid CB(2)receptors. These effects were probably non-cannabinoid receptor-mediated considering the high concentrations of the agents required to produce inhibitory responses and the effectiveness of WIN 55,212-3.

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