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FEBS Lett. 1999 Oct 15;459(3):453-7.

Cyclooxygenase-2 activity is necessary for the angiogenic properties of oncostatin M.

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Laboratoire DIFEMA, UFR de M├ędecine et Pharmacie de Rouen, Boulevard Gambetta, 76183, Rouen, Cedex, France.


Macrophages play a major role in angiogenesis. We recently reported that oncostatin M (OSM), a cytokine of the interleukin (IL)-6 family secreted by macrophages, has a potent angiogenic activity on human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1), but has no effect on macrovascular cells (human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)). In this work, we show that in HMEC-1, OSM (0.5-2.5 ng/ml), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) (25 ng/ml), bFGF (25 ng/ml) and IL-1beta (5 ng/ml) induced production of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. In contrast, in HUVECs, neither OSM nor LIF induced COX-2 mRNA, suggesting that COX-2 might be implicated in the angiogenic activity of OSM. This was confirmed by the inhibiting effect on OSM-induced HMEC-1 proliferation of specific COX-2 inhibitors. In vivo studies confirmed this findings. We conclude that induction of COX-2 by OSM is necessary for its angiogenic activity, but is not sufficient since IL-1beta, which also induces COX-2 in HMEC-1, has only a poor proliferative effect.

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