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FEBS Lett. 1999 Oct 15;459(3):395-8.

PcpA, which is involved in the degradation of pentachlorophenol in Sphingomonas chlorophenolica ATCC39723, is a novel type of ring-cleavage dioxygenase.

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Department of Biotechnology, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.


The pentachlorophenol (PCP) mineralizing bacterium Sphingomonas chlorophenolica ATCC39723 degrades PCP via 2,6-dichlorohydroquinone (2,6-DCHQ). The pathway converting PCP to 2,6-DCHQ has been established previously; however, the pathway beyond 2,6-DCHQ is not clear, although it has been suggested that a PcpA plays a role in 2, 6-DCHQ conversion. In this study, PcpA expressed in Escherichia coli was purified to homogeneity and shown to have novel ring-cleavage dioxygenase activity in conjunction with hydroquinone derivatives, and converting 2,6-DCHQ to 2-chloromaleylacetate.

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