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Clin J Pain. 1999 Sep;15(3):218-23.

Short- and long-term outcomes of children with complex regional pain syndrome type I treated with exercise therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Children's Hospital & Medical Center, Seattle 98105, USA. dsherry@u.washington.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To report the initial and long-term outcome after an intensive exercise therapy program for childhood complex regional pain syndrome, type I (CRPS).

DESIGN:

Prospective follow-up.

SETTING:

A children's hospital.

SUBJECTS:

We followed 103 children (87 girls; mean age = 13.0 years) with CRPS. Forty-nine subjects were followed for more than 2 years (mean = 5 years 3 months).

INTERVENTIONS:

An intensive exercise program (most received a daily program of 4 hours of aerobic, functionally directed exercises, 1-2 hours of hydrotherapy, and desensitization). No medications or modalities were used. All had a screening psychological evaluation, and 79 (77%) were referred for psychological counseling.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Outcomes included pain, presence of physical dysfunction, or recurrent episodes of CRPS or other disproportional musculoskeletal pain.

RESULTS:

The mean duration of exercise therapy was 14 days, but over the past 2 years has decreased to 6 days. Ninety-five children (92%) initially became symptom free. Of those followed for more than 2 years, 43 (88%) were symptom free (15, or 31 %, of these patients had had a reoccurrence), 5 (10%) were fully functional but had some continued pain, and 1 (2%) had functional limitations. The median time to recurrence was 2 months; 79% of the recurrences were during the first 6 months after treatment.

CONCLUSION:

Intense exercise therapy is effective in initially treating childhood CRPS and is associated with low rate of long-term symptoms or dysfunction.

PMID:
10524475
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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