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Oncogene. 1999 Sep 30;18(40):5573-81.

Isoforms of c-KIT differ in activation of signalling pathways and transformation of NIH3T3 fibroblasts.

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1
Division of Haematology, Hanson Centre for Cancer Research, Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

Abstract

Alternate splicing of mRNA encoding c-KIT results in isoforms which differ in the presence or absence of four amino acids (GNNK) in the juxtamembrane region of the extracellular domain of the receptor. In this study we show that these isoforms of human c-KIT, expressed at similar levels in NIH3T3 cells, display differential effects on various attributes of transformation. The GNNK- isoform strongly promoted anchorage independent growth (colony formation in semi-solid medium), loss of contact inhibition (focus formation), and led to tumorigenicity in nude mice. In contrast, the GNNK+ isoform elicited colony formation but relatively poor focus formation and no tumorigenicity. Saturation binding analysis indicated that the isoforms do not differ significantly in their affinity for the KIT ligand, Steel Factor (SLF). Negligible ligand-independent receptor phosphorylation was observed in either case but, after ligand stimulation, the GNNK- isoform displayed more rapid and extensive tyrosine autophosphorylation and faster internalization. Both isoforms recruited the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and led to similar phosphorylation of its downstream effector c-Akt, but the GNNK- isoform gave rise to more MAP kinase phosphorylation. Thus the c-KIT isoforms display different signalling characteristics and have different transforming activity in NIH3T3 cells.

PMID:
10523834
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1202939
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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