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J Physiol. 1999 Oct 15;520 Pt 2:315-20.

Salivary carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme VI.

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Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Parolannummi Garrison Hospital, Finnish Defence Forces, Hattula.


The carbonic anhydrases (CAs) participate in the maintenance of pH homeostasis in various tissues and biological fluids of the human body by catalysing the reversible reaction CO2 + H2O HCO3- + H+ (Davenport & Fisher, 1938; Davenport, 1939; Maren, 1967). Carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme VI (CA VI) is the only secretory isoenzyme of the mammalian CA gene family. It is exclusively expressed in the serous acinar cells of the parotid and submandibular glands, from where it is secreted into the saliva. In this review, we will discuss recent advances in research focused on the physiological role of salivary CA VI in the oral cavity and upper alimentary canal.

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