Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Oct;84(10):3701-7.

Microsatellite polymorphism of the MHC class I chain-related (MIC-A and MIC-B) genes marks the risk for autoimmune Addison's disease.

Author information

Immunology and Immunogenetics Laboratory, Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrine and Metabolic Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy.


The major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related MIC-A and MIC-B genes are located on chromosome 6 between the histocompatibility leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B and the B-associated transcript genes. The presence of 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies is a sensitive and specific marker of autoimmune Addison's disease. We studied the polymorphism of exon 5 of the MIC-A gene, of intron 1 of the MIC-B gene, and of HLA-DRB1, -DQA1, and -DQB1 genes in 28 autoimmune (21-hydroxylase autoantibody positive) Addison's disease patients and in 75 healthy subjects from central Italy. The MIC-A5.1 allele was significantly more frequent in Addison's disease patients (79%) than in healthy subjects (36%) [odds ratio (OR) = 6.52, corrected P (Pc) = 0.0015], whereas MIC-A6 was significantly reduced in affected subjects (15% vs. 56%, OR = 0.13, Pc = 0.002). The A5.1/A5.1 genotype had an OR for autoimmune Addison's disease as high as 18.0 and an absolute risk of 1 per 1131. In the presence of MIC-A5.1, MICB-CA-25 was significantly increased in Addison's disease patients (25% vs. 4%, OR = 8.0, P = 0.0039, Pc = 0.047). The MICB-CA-17 allele was absent in Addison's disease patients, but present in more than 25% healthy individuals (OR = 0.10, P = 0.0025, Pc = 0.03). Among HLA-DR and -DQ haplotypes, only DRB1*03-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 (DR3/DQ2) was significantly more frequent in Addison's disease patients than in healthy subjects, but only in the presence of MIC-A5.1. The frequency of MIC-A5.1 was significantly increased in Addison's disease patients only in the presence of HLA-DR3-DQ2. Our study demonstrates that susceptibility to autoimmune Addison's disease is linked to the MIC-A microsatellite allele 5.1 and that both MIC-A5.1 and HLA-DR3/DQ2 are necessary to confer increased genetic risk for Addison's disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center